4  A P R I L

2 0 1 8


5 0   Y E A R S

A F T E R    M E M P H I S

Tuesday around six

people gathered

at the plaza honoring

Dr. Martin Luther King.

At the center of nonviolence stands the principle of love.  In struggling for human dignity the oppressed people of the world must not allow themselves to become bitter or indulge in hate campaigns.  To retaliate with hate and bitterness would do nothing but intensify the hate in the world.  Along the way of life, someone must have sense enough and morality enough to cut off the chain of hate.  This can be done only by projecting the ethics of love to the center of our lives.

The nonviolent resister is just as opposed to the evil against which he protests as is the person who uses violence.

In speaking of love at this point, we are not referring to some sentimental emotion.  It would be nonsense to urge men to love their oppressors in an affectionate sense.  “Love” in this connection means understanding good will.  There are three words for love in the Greek New Testament.  First, there is eros.  In Platonic philosophy eros meant the yearning of the soul for the realm of the divine.  It has come now to mean a sort of aesthetic or romantic love.  Second, there is philia.  It meant intimate affectionateness between friends.  Philia denotes a sort of reciprocal love:  the person loves because he is loved.  When we speak of loving those who oppose us we refer to neither eros nor philia; we speak of a love which is expressed in the Greek word agape

Agape means nothing sentimental or basically affectionate; it means understanding, redeeming good will for all men, an overflowing love which seeks nothing in return.  It is the love of God working in the lives of men.  When we love on the agape level we love men not because we like them, not because their attitudes and ways appeal to us, but because God loves them.  Here we rise to the position of loving the person who does the evil deed while hating the deed he does.

Finally, the method of nonviolence is based on the conviction that the universe is on the side of justice.  It is the deep faith in the future that causes the nonviolent resister to accept suffering without retaliation.  He knows that in his struggle for justice he has cosmic companionship.  This belief that God is on the side of truth and justice comes down to us from the long tradition of our Christian faith.  There is something at the very center of our faith which reminds us that Good Friday may reign for a day, but ultimately it must give way to the triumphant beat of the Easter drums. 

Evil may so shape events that Caesar will occupy a palace and Christ a cross, but one day that same Christ will rise up and split history into A.D. and B.C., so that even the life of Caesar must be dated by his name.  So in Montgomery we can walk and never get weary, because we know that there will be a great camp meeting in the promised land of freedom and justice.

This, in brief, is the method of nonviolent resistance.  It is a method that challenges all people struggling for justice and freedom.  God grant that we wage the struggle with dignity and discipline.  May all who suffer oppression in this world reject the self-defeating method of retaliatory violence and choose the method that seeks to redeem.  Through using this method wisely and courageously we will emerge from the bleak and desolate midnight of man’s inhumanity to man into the bright daybreak of freedom and justice.


From an article written by Dr. King in the Christian Century journal shortly after the founding of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the election of Dr. King as its president in January, 1957.

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